This Compose Yourself Photo Challenge (CCY) Theme is #23 Black and White: The Basics and this challenge will be open through July 28, 2016.
For your assignment I would like to see at least 4-6 photos showing the compositional rules listed in the essay. Please tell us what rules you used in your photos.
Each week I will select up to three bloggers the Gold Star Award. To find out who was awarded the Gold Star Award this period, please see CCY Gold Star Award Winners #22 Guide the Viewer and Flipping Photos.
I have decided to breakdown the topic of black and white into two different lessons. This first essay will concentrate on what type of compositional things to look for when you are considering using black and white. These includes photos you have already in your archives as well as future photos you will take.
Next month’s essay will cover post-processing techniques will be help you make your blacks and whites look more dramatic.
The biggest thing benefit of black and white is that your viewer will actually see more of the details of your photography. The viewer doesn’t get caught up in the color. Here are some things to consider looking for when you take a photo to turn into black and white.
Always Shoot in Color
If you have any kind of post-processing software, don’t let your camera decide how to create your black and white photos. Your camera, especially if it doesn’t shoot RAW formatting, takes out all the color and turns everything into shades of gray, and that really limits your post processing choices. If you think you would like to try black and white, shoot in color and then change it during post processing. That will give you all the data your camera collected for you to play with. (See more at the bottom of this essay about shooting in RAW versus JPEG formats.)
What Makes a Great Black and White Photo
To make the details of your photos really stand out, look for texture. Make sure that texture is not directly in the sun or you will lose details. Look at the lines and determine if they are a contrast in color to the rest of your photo. Same with shadows and shapes.
With this rose photo, you see the darker lines and hardness of the metal chainlink fence. Notice you see quickly through the fence to find the familiar shape of a rose. The hardness and regularity of the fence is in contrast to the curving lines of the flower.
The lines in the railroad tracks have a lot of texture. The rails themselves stand out because they are so bright and breaks up the texture of the gravel beside the tracks.
I tried converting this tree trunk into a black and white because it had lots of texture. As you can see, it doesn’t work. Why? Because there is no distinct lines, shadows or shapes that guide your eye.
Another things that works real well in black and white photo is contrast. Contrast can be demonstrated by a specific area of smooth and a specific area of roughness, by light and dark. These clouds were so beautiful and show the contrast wonderfully well.
The contrast in this photo is in the tones of gray and black. You have some real dark and some real light gray. With the light background, the shadow really stands out. Can’t you imagine what that old camera would feel like in your hands? What about the porcelain face of the clown? Can’t you just feel how smooth that is?
In the next pair of photos, a lot of color and light contrasts make this photo much better in black and white than its color counterpart. Once again, the details really pop because of the sharper contrast between black and white. The color photo has too many different colors and it can be distracting to the viewer.
This pair of irises illustrate when a photo doesn’t do well in black and white. In this case, using a photo with lots of color contrasts doesn’t work. You lose definition in black and white.
RAW vs. JPEG Formating
Here is a quick demonstration of the differences between taking photo in RAW and JPEG.
In the pansy photos to the right, the top photo is RAW and the bottom is JPEG as it came out of my camera. I used to have my camera download both JPEG and RAW formats. If you just look at the two photos it appears if RAW doesn’t have the same color qualities of JPEG. When in fact it is exactly the opposite.
When taking photos as a JPEG your camera actually makes a lot of calculations as to what colors it thinks it is seeing. Then your camera throws out all the other data. That is also why JPEG photos take up about half the space as RAW. RAW gives you much greater range when you are using any post processing software because it retains all the data that your camera gathered. You have a lot more to play with, so if you use any type of post-processing software, RAW is the best choice of photo format.
Next, time I will show you some post-processing techniques for black and white photos.
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